The Highs And Lows Of Payday Cash Loans

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Have you been experiencing difficulty paying a bill at this time? Do you require some more $ $ $ $ to get you throughout the week? A payday advance can be what you require. If you don’t know what that is certainly, it is a short-phrase financial loan, that is certainly effortless for many people to have. However, the following tips let you know of a lot of things you should know first.

Watch out for cash advance provides that appear as well great to essentially be real. Most of the time, they may be. Included in this are no credit history examine solutions and exact same-day time possibilities. Although, more often than not, they will appear via using what they may be providing, they stability it having a higher monthly interest. Which means you are paying out more for specific provide option.

Some online payday loans are termed as name loans. They require the person asking for the loan to work with the headline for their automobile as, guarantee to the loan. This is certainly only a choice if, the vehicle features a crystal clear title with no liens affixed. The label is organised through the loan provider until finally, the loan is completely paid off.

In case you have applied for a payday loan and possess not observed rear from their website however with the endorsement, do not watch for a response. A wait in endorsement in the Internet era typically suggests that they can not. What this means is you should be on the hunt for the next solution to your temporary monetary emergency.

Facing a payday loan company, take into account how securely regulated they are. Rates tend to be legally capped at various level’s state by status. Understand what obligations they already have and what individual proper rights you have as a buyer. Have the contact details for regulating federal government workplaces handy.

Look at how much you truthfully want the cash that you will be thinking of credit. When it is something that could hold out till you have the cash to purchase, place it off of. You will probably discover that pay day loans will not be a reasonable method to invest in a big TV for the basketball activity. Limit your borrowing with these creditors to urgent conditions.

If you need a payday loan, but possess a a bad credit score record, you might like to think about a no-fax personal loan. This kind of personal loan can be like every other payday loan, other than you simply will not be asked to fax in almost any papers for acceptance. A loan where by no papers are participating implies no credit rating examine, and odds that you are authorized.

Those looking to try to get a pay day loan can be smart to examine payday cash loans, by using a roll-over choice. Sometimes you won’t be able to pay the complete financial loan with the expected particular date. Some personal loans will assist you to pay just the curiosity, and expand the money for one more spend period.

Contact close to and see interest levels and costs. Most payday advance businesses have similar costs and interest levels, however, not all. You could possibly save 15 or 20 dollars on your own personal loan if someone company provides a lower interest rate. In the event you frequently get these lending options, the financial savings will add up.

Tend not to get yourself a financial loan for almost any greater than you can afford to pay back in your next pay out period of time. This is a great idea to help you spend the loan way back in total. You do not want to spend in installments as the fascination is so great which it forces you to need to pay considerably more than you borrowed.

Never obtain a payday loan on the part of someone else, irrespective of how shut the relationship is you have with this individual. If a person is struggling to qualify for a payday advance alone, you must not have confidence in them adequate to put your credit history on the line.

Since there are usually extra fees and terms secret there. A lot of people have the error of not undertaking that, plus they end up owing a lot more compared to they obtained to begin with. Always make sure that you are aware of completely, nearly anything that you are currently signing.

Payday loans shouldn’t intimidate you any further. Now you must ample details to create the right choice on whether, or not you need to get a cash advance. With any luck ,, employ everything you discovered nowadays. Create the right judgements when deciding to get a cash advance. Best of luck with your upcoming endeavors.


Breastfeeding helpline launched

Australia’s first 24-hour toll-free helpline for breastfeeding mothers will be officially launched on Friday 20 April.

1800 mum 2 mum (1800 686 2 686) is run by the Australian Breastfeeding Association (ABA) and utilises the real-life experience of over 200 trained volunteer counsellors each week who help other mums with issues including the early days with a new baby, expressing and storing milk, weaning, supply and what to do when baby simply says no.

The service is available to everyone, from mothers and fathers to nurses and other health care professionals, whether ABA members or not.

“This is such an important resource for breastfeeding mothers,” says Australian Breastfeeding Association president Querida David.

“Mothers across Australia can call one toll-free number to access mum-to-mum support and information from trained breastfeeding counsellors. That’s good news for mothers, babies, dads and families. Getting the right help at the right time is important for breastfed babies and their mums. The Australian Breastfeeding Association’s free breastfeeding helpline 1800 mum 2 mum delivers that help whenever mothers need it.”

The 1800 mum 2 mum number replaces 13 different numbers that operated in different states, with different levels of service. And 1800 mum 2 mum is proving a word-of-mouth hit even before its official launch, averaging 1214 calls per week in February, which were answered by an average of 214 volunteer counsellors each week.

Each volunteer counsellor has completed 400 hours of training and has a Certificate IV in Breastfeeding Education or equivalent. The service is available to everyone, from mothers and fathers to nurses and other health care professionals, whether ABA members or not.

The major upgrade of the ABA Breastfeeding Helpline is possible through funding from the Federal Government under the Support Breastfeeding Mums initiative.

Australian Breastfeeding Association is a voluntary organisation established in 1964 to encourage and support mothers who wish to breastfeed their babies. There are 300 ABA groups nationwide with over 17,000 members.


Ten breastfeeding tips


Breastfeeding is a gift for your baby that keeps on giving, so enjoy the time together and seek help if you are having difficulties. There is plenty of support out there for new Mums.

1. Eat a healthy, balanced diet while breastfeeding to ensure you get plenty of iron, protein and calcium.

2. Try to feed frequently, as this will help you to maintain your milk supply.

3. At each feed, offer both breasts, but wait until your baby seems finished with one before changing over. Signs may be your baby coming of the breast or seeming unsettled. Your breast will feel quite soft when it is emptier. Offering one breast first ensures that your baby gets the nourishing milk that is delivered later in the feed.

4. If your breasts start to feel uncomfortably full try to encourage your baby to feed with gentle techniques like unwrapping them and placing them on your bare chest where they will smell your milk. Stroking their cheek with your nipple may also rouse their interest in feeding. If you are unable to feed your baby then it is important that you don’t stay overly full. Hand express enough for comfort if you will be able to feed shortly, or a good full express if you will be away some time. This regular emptying will ensure a good milk supply and your baby can still have your milk in your absence.

5. You can keep expressed milk in a sealed container in the back of the fridge (not the door) for up to 3-5 days. Alternatively, expressed breast milk can be kept safely in the freezer for up to 6 months. Find out more about breast milk storage times and information.

6. If your breasts are leaking, try using breast pads to absorb leaking milk. Change pads frequently to avoid the nipple becoming too soggy and prone to infection. Use waterproof breastpads only infrequently. An unwanted let-down can be stopped by crossing your arms and using your hands to place pressure directly on the nipple.

7. If your nipples are sore, dry and/or cracked,  the positioning and latch of the baby may need correcting. If it doesn’t feel right, if its painful, then the latch is not correct. Ask for help from a lactation consultant.

8. Find a comfortable position to feed in whilst lying down, as this will give you a chance to have a break. It is important you take all the time you need and are not rushed. Breastfeeding is a gift for your baby that keeps on giving, so enjoy the time together and seek help if you are having difficulties. There is plenty of support out there for new Mums.

9. Ask for your partner’s support – ask for them to bring you some water and a snack whenever you are feeding.

10. Get a good chair or breastfeeding pillow and create a feeding area, with some magazines or books so you can relax while you feed


Twelve months on the breast – normal, natural, healthy

child breastfeedingDid you breastfeed until 12 months or beyond?

New statistics from the 2008 Infant Nutrition Survey show that while 95% of new mothers initiate breastfeeding, many do not go on to exclusively breastfeed for six months as recommended by the National Health and Research Council and World Health Organisation.

The recommendation that breastfeeding be continued for a further six months and as long as possible thereafter is the basis for Queensland Health’s 12+ months on the breast – normal, natural, healthy breastfeeding campaign which is aiming to help Mums overcome the barriers that lead many women to cease breastfeeding within six months.

Returning to work is seen as a significant impediment to continuing breastfeeding, but by law your employer is obligated to reasonably accommodate your breastfeeding.

As encouraging as it sounds, it could also be considered very ambitious given that there are so many obstacles to long term breastfeeding such as an un-supportive work environment, temporary loss of fertility and medical concerns for both mothers and babies, besides other minor problems that range from having to limit alcohol intake and consumption of certain foods to the inability to share night feeding sessions with a partner.

It is these obstacles that (understandably) cause many mothers to cease breastfeeding and move on to formula feeding or weaning, despite being educated on the health benefits of breastfeeding. In fact the knowledge that the high levels of antibodies in breast milk protect children against SIDS and infections in babyhood, and lower the risk of developing chronic diseases later in life, only results in mothers feeling incredibly guilty when they do stop breastfeeding.

The Australian Breastfeeding Association stance is that with time, advice and support, breastfeeding can be learned by almost all mothers. Robyn Hamilton, the QLD president of the ABA says, “Some breastfeeding circumstances can prove challenging and take time to overcome. A long term view is important.”

Adopting a long term mindset can be extremely difficult for mothers whose experience of breastfeeding is tinged with the exhaustion, discomfort and pain that accompany a multitude of conditions such as thrush, leaking and overproduction, sore nipples, engorgement, and blocked milk ducts which can become mastitis, which can all occur repeatedly and simultaneously.

Swollen, cracked and bleeding nipples are very common and usually occur when your baby is not latched on properly, like in Tennille’s case. “My daughter was not attaching right,” says Tennille, 25. “After an emergency caesarean and being diagnosed with a severe post-op infection, trying to breastfeed to encourage my milk production and having the skin on my nipples become bruised, I was persuaded to put her on formula, for her health and my sanity.”

This type of situation is where expressing using a breast pump can be a godsend for mothers in helping to establish breastfeeding. However using a breast pump incorrectly can also damage breast tissue, especially if nipple trauma has already been sustained. “For mums with sore nipples whose babies are having attachment challenges, pumps can provide an even distribution of pressure around the breast, and allow damage to heal but should be used with care to ensure no further damage occurs,” Robyn says.

While breast pumps are an ideal solution for almost all breastfeeding issues that involve pain and inconvenience, they cannot help with supply problems. Amy, 26, initially attempted to breastfeed for six months but she stopped trying out of concern for her son’s health. “My son was almost ten pounds when he was born and always hungry and I didn’t have enough colostrum, plus I knew I would have to go back to work early so I made a decision to just go onto formula.”

“Perceived or real insufficient milk supply is a common concern, and is a major cause of infant weaning,” Robyn says. “Changes to breastfeeding management will be sufficient to increase milk supply in most women.”

Of course certain medical conditions can affect a woman’s milk supply until she recovers. True supply problems are uncommon but they do occur. Casey, 26, wasn’t unable to breastfeed because of low iron due to haemorrhaging. “After losing so much blood my breast milk didn’t come through properly and it took me about 8 months to get my iron back to normal,” says Casey.

Apart from haemorrhaging, other medical conditions such as abnormal thyroid function, polycystic ovary syndrome, some breast surgeries with nipple transposition and inadequate glandular tissue may stop a woman producing sufficient milk, but these are rare. For most women the actual problem is delivery not production, such as when a baby takes in plenty of  foremilk and not enough calorie rich hindmilk at the end of a feed because they are not latched on properly which may result in the baby not gaining enough weight. However there are other things to consider.

“Weight gain is only one indicator that a baby is getting enough milk,” Robyn says. “If there is growth in length or head circumference and your baby has thoroughly wet nappies, bright eyes, good skin tone, and is generally contented amongst periods of fussy behaviour then breast milk is supplying all your baby’s needs.”

With regards to continuing breastfeeding upon returning to work, breast milk can be fed in bottles to babies by child care providers because breast milk can be refrigerated for up to eight days and frozen from four to six months, retaining a higher level of antioxidants than infant formula. But the embarrassment of having to express milk in the office toilets before storing it in the communal fridge and stockpiling breast pads in a desk drawer in case of leaking breasts are just some of the deterrents working mothers have to deal with because most Australian workplaces do not have specific breastfeeding policies in place.

Robyn says, “So many mums in Australia go back to work before their babies are 12 months old and it is true that returning to work is seen as a significant impediment to continuing breastfeeding, but by law your employer is obligated to reasonably accommodate your breastfeeding.” This can comprise scheduled lactation breaks throughout the day and providing a suitable room (not the toilets) for expressing.

But expressing milk and bottle feeding has its own set of problems when combined with breastfeeding. When Hayley, 25, contracted mastitis she fed her daughter Mia from a bottle while her breasts recovered. She persisted with breastfeeding even after contracting mastitis three times only to find her daughter was losing interest. “Mia was getting lazy on the breast as she liked the bottle better so I only breastfed for 8 weeks,” Hayley says. This is known as nursing strike which occurs because there is less effort required for babies to suck from a bottle. For this reason it is generally advised to delay using a bottle until the baby is accustomed to sucking directly from the breast.

But if physically feeding from the breast is too painful during a bout of mastitis what else is there to do but express? One option is to use the other unaffected breast to feed whilst draining the affected breast regularly so that a baby’s feeding routine isn’t affected. But don’t persevere to the point where breastfeeding is prioritised ahead of safety because if mastitis is left untreated it can develop into a breast abscess which requires surgery.

Hayley says breastfeeding her new baby has been a much more gratifying experience. “I am having great success this time and no mastitis so far. Having a better understanding of how it all works has helped and I definitely won’t introduce the bottle yet.” Robyn suggests in Hayley’s case, mothers who were unlucky in breastfeeding the first time may even like to resume breastfeeding their eldest child once their second child is born. This may particularly appeal to older Mums who stopped breastfeeding early in order to regain their fertility and conceive more children.

But Robyn says this is often not the case due to a widely held perception that breastfeeding a child beyond infancy is indulgent. “By and large breasts are seen as sexual objects and as a nation we are fairly uncomfortable about feeding older children,” says Robyn. The 12+ months emphasised in the campaign highlights the significance of trying to normalise extended breastfeeding so that more women feel comfortable doing it.

The most important thing to remember is that because a long term strategy for nourishing a baby for twelve months is usually balanced with sleep deprivation, eight hour working days, breast pain and care of older children, that any women who manages to breast feed for any period of time is to be commended. Assistance in the form of Medicare subsidisations for pumps, sterilisation equipment and lactation consultations could greatly increase the number of women in continuing feeding breast milk beyond the six month mark, because it ensures women are supported financially and emotionally.

“A chat with a breastfeeding counsellor can be invaluable,” Robyn says. “More often than not mums know what they want to do but don’t feel confident. We will support them in whatever decision they make because it will be the right one for them.”


Should you keep breastfeeding?

Wondering when is the right time to stop breastfeeding? Here’s why feeding into toddlerhood and beyond can be more beneficial than you may think.

Your gorgeous little baby is now eating solid food, cruising the furniture and starting to say a few words. Should you keep breastfeeding?

Many people feel that breastfeeding past a certain age will make kids overly dependent or clingy, but research has shown the opposite to be true.

Anthropologists estimate the natural age of weaning to be between two-and-a-half and seven years, based on developmental factors and with comparisons with other mammals.

According to the World Health Organisation, the worldwide average for weaning is four-and-a-half years. In Australia around 21 percent of one-year-olds are still having some breastmilk, but this drops to less than one percent at two years of age. This reflects the fact that it is not currently the cultural norm in our country to breastfeed past babyhood.

Many mums are told their milk doesn’t have any goodness once their baby is older. In reality, it’s not possible for the nutrients in breastmilk to “switch off” once infants reach a certain age.

Breastfeeding a toddler can provide 31 percent of his daily energy needs, 38 percent of protein, 45 percent of vitamin A and 95 percent of vitamin C. Breastmilk is packed with unique antibodies for immune system development and there are many studies showing toddlers who are breastfed get sick far less often.

Many people feel that breastfeeding past a certain age will make kids overly dependent or clingy, but research has shown the opposite to be true. Children who form a secure attachment with their mother become more independent and can more easily form attachments with others.

Breastfeeding a toddler can make it easier for mums too. With a quick feed you can soothe a sore knee or a tantrum, or get a child off to sleep! Plus you’ll reduce your risk of anaemia, type 2 diabetes, osteoporosis, breast and ovarian cancers.

It can sometimes be hard to imagine how you can breastfeed away from home with a toddler. But in reality it can be easier than feeding a small baby. Toddlers can go a lot longer between feeds. Even if you are out for a few hours you may not need to feed and, if you do, it can be very quick.

Mums have the right to breastfeed their toddlers anywhere they need to, the same as with breastfeeding babies. These rights are protected under antidiscrimination law in all states of Australia. However, if you feel less comfortable breastfeeding a toddler in public here are some tips to make it easier:

• Breastfeed with your toddler sitting in your lap, rather than lying down.
• In cafes, choose a corner or a booth and turn your back to the other customers.
• Breastfeed at home before you go out.
• Offer snacks or drinks first.
• Discuss with your toddler what you feel is acceptable for breastfeeding when out and about, including where you will feed and how long for.
• Use a parents’ room at shopping centres as many have private feeding areas – and the toilets are handy!


Anti-vaxxer’s baby hospitalised with whooping cough

It's understood child protection workers receive relatively few notifications about unvaccinated children.

It’s understood child protection workers receive relatively few notifications about unvaccinated children.

The 11-week-old daughter of an anti-vaccination activist has been hospitalised for two nights with whooping cough, a week after a maternal health nurse told child protection authorities of her concerns for the unvaccinated baby girl.

But hours after being discharged from hospital on Friday, the Melbourne woman struck a defiant note, hinting to other members of the Facebook group Unvaccinated Australia that she had lied to hospital doctors in order to leave the hospital.

Doctors had urged her to immunise the baby because having had the disease only gives a child immunity for five years, and the vaccine contains immunisations in addition to pertussis.

“I ended up sayIng I would be talking to GP about it juto [sic] shut them up,” she told supporters.

Whooping cough, the common name for pertussis, is a highly contagious infection that kills one in 200 infected babies. Babies younger than six months are particularly at risk of complications, and babies younger than three months can stop breathing during a coughing spasm.

Pertussis rates have soared in Victoria, with 4519 confirmed and probable cases so far this year, compared with 4244 cases for the same time in 2014 and 2759 cases for the same time in 2013.

At the end of last year, 1.77 per cent of Victorian children were registered as having a “conscientious objection” recorded against them being immunised, compared with just 0.23 per cent in 1999.

The woman, who Fairfax has chosen not to name, told the anti-vaccination group she brought her then-10-week old baby in for a routine health check last Friday.

The nurse, alarmed that the baby had flu-like symptoms and could be contagious, sent the woman home. Despite the woman’s protestations she was already in touch with her GP and claims she could not have the girl immunised because she was already sick, the nurse called child protection authorities to report the case.

The woman said child protection authorities called her, but took no further action after she told them she had been talking to her GP about her baby’s care. She added that her GP had “told the department off” for calling the woman, and advised her not to return to the maternal health nurse.

It’s understood child protection workers receive relatively few notifications about unvaccinated children.

But on Thursday, the woman posted an update to say her baby had been rushed to emergency at Monash hospital the night before after “a very scary episode” in which mucus caught in her throat.

The baby was kept in hospital for two nights, and medical staff urged the woman to immunise her daughter when she left hospital, stressing that whooping cough could be fatal for babies.

The woman told supporters: “They [doctors] read me the riot act again but they believe me about doing vaccinations through the GP”.

Fellow anti-vaxxers unanimously supported the woman’s decision, many debating the best form of homeopathy and vitamin C to give the child.

One woman wrote: “Be gentle with yrself [sic]… You are tired and have been thru quite an ordeal. You know your facts. As far as vax goes u know more than those docs”.

Another wrote: “Whooping cough responds very well to high doses of vit c. My little one had it twice, made even scarier as she has chronic lung disease and was oxygen dependant at the time.”

The woman believes her older child caught the infection from an immunised child diagnosed with it at school. The government says there is growing evidence that immunity wanes over time.

A spokesman for Monash Medical Centre would not confirm how many whooping cough cases had been at the hospital this week “due to privacy”.

Since the Labor government reintroduced free vaccines for new parents on June 1, 67,030 whooping cough vaccine doses have been distributed to immunisation providers.

Health Minister Jill Hennessy said: “The science on this is clear. Vaccinations save lives. It is completely irresponsible for people to ignore the science and choose not to vaccinate their child.”

Immunisations are free, and babies can receive their first immunisation from six weeks of age, with the second dose at four months.


What is herd immunity?

The recent outbreak of chickenpox in a Melbourne primary school is a reminder that even in a country like Australia where immunisation rates are high, children and adults are still at risk of vaccine-preventable diseases.

Outbreaks such as this one occur from time to time for two main reasons.

The first is that vaccines don’t always provide complete protection against disease. And, over time, vaccine protection tends to diminish.

The second is that not everyone in the population is vaccinated. This can be for medical reasons, by choice, or because of difficulty accessing medical services.

When enough unprotected people come together, infections can spread rapidly. This is particularly the case in settings such as schools where large numbers of children spend long periods of time together.

Mass immunity

When a high proportion of a community is immune it becomes hard for diseases to spread from person to person. This phenomenon is known as herd immunity. Herd immunity protects people indirectly by reducing their chances of coming into contact with an infection.

By decreasing the number of people who are susceptible to infection, vaccination can starve an infectious disease outbreak in the same way that firebreaks can starve a bushfire: by reducing the fuel it needs to keep spreading. If the immune proportion is high enough, outbreaks can be prevented and a disease can even be eliminated locally.

Protection of “the herd” is achieved when immunity reaches a value known as the “critical vaccination threshold”. This value varies from disease to disease. It can be estimated using a formula that takes into account how contagious a disease is and how effective the vaccine against it is.

For a disease outbreak to spread, each infected person needs to pass their disease on to more than one other person, in the same way that we think about population growth more generally. If individuals manage only to “reproduce” themselves once in the infectious process, a full-blown outbreak won’t occur.

For example, on average someone with influenza infects up to two of the people they come into contact with. If one of those individuals was already fully protected by vaccination, then only one of them could catch the flu. By immunising half of the population, we could stop flu in its tracks.

On the other hand, a person with chickenpox might infect five to 10 people if everyone were susceptible. This effectively means that we need to vaccinate around nine out of every 10 people (90 per cent of the population) to prevent outbreaks from occurring.

As mentioned earlier, vaccines vary in their ability to prevent infection completely, particularly with the passing of time. Many vaccines require several “booster” doses for this reason. When vaccine protection is not guaranteed, the number of people who need to be vaccinated to achieve herd immunity and prevent an outbreak is higher.

Chickenpox vaccine is one such example: infections can occur in people who have been vaccinated. However, such cases are typically less severe than in unimmunised children, with fewer spots and a milder symptom course.

Varying vaccination rates

In Australia, overall vaccine coverage rates are high enough to control the spread of many infectious diseases. Coverage shows considerable geographic variation, though, with some communities recording vaccination levels of less than 85 per cent.

In these communities, the conditions necessary for herd immunity may not be met. That means localised outbreaks are possible among the unvaccinated and those for whom vaccination did not provide full protection. In the Netherlands, for example, high national measles vaccine uptake was not enough to prevent a very large measles outbreak (more than 2600 cases) in orthodox Protestant communities opposed to vaccination.

Australia’s National Immunisation Strategy specifically focuses on achieving high vaccine uptake within small geographic areas, rather than just focusing on a national average. Although uptake of chickenpox vaccine in Australia was lower than other infant vaccines, coverage is now comparable.

Why are some children not vaccinated?

Much of the media attention has emphasised those who choose not to vaccinate their children due to perceived risks associated with vaccination. However, while the number of registered conscientious objectors to vaccination has increased slightly over time, these account for only a small fraction (1.77 per cent in 2014) of children.

A recent study found only 16 per cent of incompletely immunised children had a mother who disagreed with vaccination. Other factors associated with undervaccination included low levels of social contact, large family size and not using formal childcare.

Tailoring services to meet the needs of all parents requires a better understanding of how families use health services, and of the barriers that prevent them from immunising.

To ensure herd immunity can help protect all children from preventable disease, it’s vital to maintain community confidence in vaccination. This is a priority of the National Immunisation Strategy. It’s equally important the other barriers that prevent children from being vaccinated are identified, understood and addressed.


When should I give my baby pain relief?

<i></i>Photo: Getty Images


Question: Over the weekend my four-month-old had a lasting high temperature. My problem is knowing when to administer pain relief, and if I am doing it for the right reason – eg, so she will sleep better at night.


Many new parents have concerns about when they should administer pain relief to young babies. When it comes to high temperatures, the main objective of pain relief is to help make a baby comfortable until their fever naturally subsides.

According to advice from The Royal Children’s Hospital Melbourne, if your baby is their normal happy self and does not appear to be bothered by their fever then there is no real need to administer pain relief. However a fever will make many babies restless and unsettled and pain relief can help ease their distress until the fever passes.

Your baby is considered to have a fever when their body temperature rises above 38°C. A fever is usually a sign of an infection in the body and is often caused by a virus and sometimes bacteria, but a high temperature does not necessarily mean your child has a serious illness.

Fevers are common in babies and children and are in fact a sign their body’s immune system is working to fight off the infection. However it is recommended to see a doctor when a baby under six months has a lasting temperature. Any baby under three-months-old with a fever should be seen by a doctor as soon as possible.

If your baby has a fever they may be hot to touch, have sweaty or clammy skin, be shivering or have a flushed face.

If your baby’s fever is above 38.5°C, they are restless or have other symptoms of illness, such as a sore throat, then it is appropriate to give pain relief.

Be sure to administer pain relief in accordance with dosage directions on the appropriate product for your baby’s age and weight. Pain relief can be given every four hours with no more than four doses in each 24 hour period. Do not give pain relief for more than two days without seeking medical advice.

In addition to administering pain relief, babies and children with fever should also be given fluids, dressed in loose cool clothing and placed in a lukewarm (not cold) bath.

It is recommended to seek medical attention for your baby’s fever if they are under six months old, have a fever over 40°C, are very sick or lethargic, have a stiff neck, headache, rash, vomiting or diarrhoea. They should also be taken to a doctor if their fever has not subsided after two days, they have stomach pains or a loss of appetite, an earache, difficulty breathing or are crying inconsolably.

Parents are advised to never give babies or children aspirin, as it can lead to the potentially fatal Reye’s syndrome.


Baby steps: when your little one starts walking

<i></i>Photo: Getty Images

As a parent there are so many milestones to look forward to. That first smile, first word – and, of course, that first step.

Once our baby started standing, my family and I waited with bated breath for her to take her first step.

There were many close calls. We often stopped mid-conversation and watched her intently, waiting for that glorious moment.

She could sense the air of anticipation and got excited. “What are we waiting for?” she smiled, as she flopped to the floor yet again.

Then one day she did it. She took her first tentative step. Oh, how we rejoiced. (You’d think she’d just solved world peace or something.)

And that first step was followed by … nothing. Zip. Nada.

But finally, one day, she took another step. And another. And within a couple of short weeks she was seriously on the move.

It’s interesting how babies develop the motor skills to walk while still lacking the cognitive skills to know how to properly do it.

Our baby would get the idea in her head she wanted to end up somewhere, so off her little legs would go. But of course she wanted to go faster than those pudgy legs could carry her, so she would inevitably topple over at some point.

“Sheesh, you big people make this walking thing look really easy,” her eyes seemed to say. “Who knew it would be so tricky?”

Once she’d mastered the concept of being vertical while moving, it was time to get her first pair of shoes.

Buying baby shoes is a big deal in my world. It fills me with all the feelings; sadness that the ‘true’ baby days are coming to an end, excitement about the next chapter of our lives, and joy that we’re about to bring home a new pair of itsy-bitsy baby shoes (in my opinion, those mini-shoes are up there with cat memes on the adorable scale).

My baby, however, didn’t agree.

While she reluctantly allowed her feet to be measured (oh, the cuteness!), and even let the shop assistant put shoes on her feet, as soon as they were on, she looked panic-stricken.

“What are these things?” her face seemed to say. “I swear I used to have feet on the bottom of my legs, and they were able to take me places. Now you’ve put these things on and my feet are gone!”

So she stood there, completely frozen.

We waited awhile and coaxed her on, but she refused to take a single step. Eventually she flopped to the floor and started crawling, looking at me with a wounded expression. “Thanks a lot, Mum,” she seemed to say. “Now that I have these useless things on my feet I’ll never be able to walk again.”

Thankfully, our little lady eventually began to walk in her shoes. In fact, nowadays she walks (or, to be more accurate, runs) everywhere.

While I’m thrilled she’s found her freedom and is enjoying her active life, I do kind of yearn for the old days, when I could pop her down and know she would stay in one spot.

That’s the funny thing about parenting – we’re always waiting so eagerly for that next stage. “Life will be so much easier when this happens,” we tell ourselves. Or, “I can’t wait to see my baby do that.”

And when that time comes it brings such joy and excitement, but with it comes a certain nostalgia about the time we’ll never get back.

Which just goes to show we should all take it one (baby) step at a time.


When your baby starts crawling

Photo: Getty Images

  • Not crawling? Don’t worry
  • Baby steps: When your child starts walking

When my babies went through the crawling phase, there were many exciting, shiny bits of the milestone. It was delightful witnessing my babies moving from that sitting Buddha, to the rocking-on-all-fours, dog-like creatures who were just raring to go. Finally taking that first frontward heave, with a face of surprise and accomplishment, was certainly priceless. The realisation they could move from one point to another was definitely a joy to behold.

But once I overcame the thrill of my baby meeting a new developmental landmark, I realised the practical implications of living with a crawler were not so sparkly.

On the go

Put your baby down in one place, turn around and they’re in another. That takes some getting used to. Be mindful that crawlers are curious and their newfound freedom to get around can have them in places you wouldn’t imagine. With a lack of spatial awareness they can get themselves into some sticky situations; I’ve had babies crawling with curiosity, only to find them stuck under the couch, under the change table or between a cupboard and a wall.


We have a house full of stairs, which is equivalent to an extreme adventure sport for crawlers. Some of them sense the danger and quickly learn to turn around and slide down on their tummies. Others, not so astute, learn the hard way that full frontal down a flight of stairs isn’t fun.

Don’t fret, we had stair gates everywhere. But it was the bright crawler who figured out he could climb into the gap between the railings that had us on our toes.

Dead flies & stray toys

I don’t care how immaculate your house is, when you set a crawler down, they find stray things. Mine always seemed to find the single dead fly and proceed to test it out as a snack. You can bet that a lost Lego piece will be located by a crawler, which is why being anally retentive about “a place for everything and everything in its place” becomes imperative when there’s a rugrat around.

Baby-proofing your house when a crawler is on the loose can be a work in progress as they discover items you hadn’t considered at their level. I found myself crawling around on all fours, analysing my home from their viewpoint; it was very useful until I couldn’t get up.


As with the dead insect point, you can polish your floors until the reflection of your tired, haggard face stares back at you, but a crawling baby will always have dirty knees and filthy palms. Or, in a commando crawler’s case, an entire layer of dog hair and dust coating their stomachs. And we don’t even own a dog.

My firstborn was a commando crawler; had I thought to strap an Enjo to his front, he could’ve become a human swisher.

If you’re not quick enough to sweep up the collateral damage from lunch in the highchair, then expect to find your crawler eating scraps off the floor. Like a stomach swisher, the crawling food machine has benefits: think ‘human vacuum’. Not so handy if the food scrap lying on the floor is chilli beef jerky … it turns out that human vacuums don’t like random samples of chilli.

No two crawlers are the same

It’s funny how as parents, we want our first baby to reach every milestone quickly. We are so excited when they roll, then look like they’re going to crawl. Then they crawl and you want them to stand, then walk, then talk, then pay some bills and move out.

With our second children, we wanted him to do it all late – keep him immobile. Well, not quite, but we know what we were in for, so could be accused of being a little less passionate about certain phases.

I expected my second child would crawl commando-style like my firstborn. I was all over that by the time he was eight months, and was ready with the stomach rags for him to shine my floor. Instead, he chose a very labour intensive style; he leant to one side like he was about to roll, then pushed off his back foot and did it again on the other side. He sometimes forgot to get his arm out the way so would fall on his face. It was a harrowing time for all involved.

The third child mixed it up with some commando, some leg drag, and some bog-standard all-fours crawling.

The fourth was a more traditional crawler but actually preferred to crawl and sit, crawl and sit.

I never got myself a bum-shuffler, with the nappy being dragged down just enough to show off a bit of builder’s crack. Shame about that.

The point is, the contingency plans you had in place for your first child may not apply when subsequent children start crawling. Each child has a unique style.

So although it was interesting to watch my babies on the move, I’ll admit crawling was not my favourite phase. That was until I was introduced to climbing … then I really knew I was alive.